A Confederate A Federal

William Wallace van Amber
Civil War Diaries & Letters


Diary Entries October 2, 1863

Diary entry Dated 10/02/63

Fri. Oct. 2, 1863

It rains like fan this morning. I have to stand guard all day today for the regiment has all gone about 6 miles for to see some men shot for desertion. There was only one shot. It has rained all day.

Sat. Oct. 3, 1863

In my tent today. It is very pleasant today & warm. Washed my shirt and handkerchief.

Sun. Oct. 4, 1863

Went over to the hospital today. Carried over 4 letters for the boys of our company. One for H. Knox. He is pretty well now, only lame as ever.

Diary entry Dated 10/05/63

Mon. Oct. 5, 1863

Laying here in camp as usual. The same thing every day drill 4 hours and guard,

Tues. Oct. 6, 1863

Not very well today, On guard, got a bad diarrhea and headache.

Wed. Oct. 7, 1863

Feel a little better today, but not very well

Diary entry Dated 10/08/63

Thurs. Oct. 8, 1863

It rained all night hard and it rains this morning. I feel a little better.

Fri. Oct. 9, 1863

I have been over to the hospital with three men today and dug a grave for I. Fulton, a man from our company that died there this morning. There was another man shot a ball through his hand this morning while he was cleaning his gun. Very careless.

Sat. Oct. 10, 1863

Had a pretty hard detail last night. Marched about 8 miles to the front with the wagons with rations for the men. I went as guard. Got back about daylight. Started at 9 o.c. in the evening. They had everything packed for a start when we got there for the Rapidan River they had to cross before daylight.

Diary entry Dated 10/11/63

Sun. Oct. 11, 1863

Ordered to pack up last night at dark. Marched all night. Find ourselves tonight at Bealden Station 4 miles this side of the Rappahannock. I feel pretty tired and lame. Our corps are a falling back.

Mon. Oct. 12, 1863

We laid in camp today. Pretty tired

Tues. Oct. 13, 1863

Started this morning on the march again with the train. March till about 3 o.c. laid still 2 hours, left the train and marched from Worington Junction to Bristoll Station. Laid there a night. The rebs are trying to flush us for Maryland.

Diary entry Dated 10/14/63

Wed. Oct. 14, 1863

Marched into Centerville today formed in line of battle on the fortifications. Ordered to pitch tents. Soon packed up and marched about 5 miles towards Warrenton. Laid down on the field.

Thu. Oct. 15, 1863

This morning marched back about half way to Centerville. Formed line of battle 5 or 6 times. About dark formed line and laid down behind our stacks. Whiskey dealt out to the men tonight.

Fri. Oct. 16, 1863

Lay here yet. Expect a battle here. Rained all day. No letter today. Have not had a letter from home since the 28th of Sept. That was from Ett.

Sat. Oct. 17, 1863

We are lying on the hills near Centerville. The enemy has fell back somewhere. Don't know where. They say toward the Rappahannock. Our division has done no fighting yet.

Diary entry Dated 10/18/63

Sun. Oct. 18, 1863

Packed up this morning for some place. I feel well this morning. DID NOT MOVE,

Mon. Oct. 19, 1863

Started off on the march. About 10 miles today. Got within 2 miles of Thoroughfare Gap. Drawn up in a line and laid there. I am detailed for guard tonight. Our folks threw a few shells into the gap - got no reply,

Tues. Oct. 20, 1863

Drawn up in a line of battle this morning. A few of our pickets was attacked last night, two men wounded. We marched about 5 miles this afternoon and evening, got through the Gap and camped.

Diary entry Dated 10/21/63

Wed. Oct. 21, 1863

This is a fine morning. I got a letter from Ett last night. Just been down and had a good wash.